Blogroll

I read blogs, as well as write one. The 'blogroll' on this site reproduces some posts from some of the people I enjoy reading.

Disclaimer: Reproducing an article here need not necessarily imply agreement or endorsement!

Fuller Theological Seminary to close satellite campuses

Anglican Ink - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 16:11

Letter from Fuller President announcing closure of Seattle, Menlo Park and Orange County campuses due to declining enrollment

Charlie and Noel. Two sides of a real human dilemma

The Good Book Company - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 14:43

Once again, British courts are in session arguing over two very different cases. Noel Conway who is in the early stages of Motor Nerone Disease, is arguing for the right to be given a lethal dose when his health deteriorates further. Meanwhile, the parents of Baby Charlie Gard are arguing for the right to live. Doctors at Great Ormond Street Children’s Hospital are prepared to remove life support for Charlie, as his degenerative mitochondrial disease has advanced, they believe, beyond hope. His parents want the right to allow the child to receive experimental treatment from an American doctor.

We must never be heard only to be saying “no”. Our message is a gloriously positive one.

Their tragic stories have created a groundswell of popular support, and, in both cases, on first sight, it appears to be heartless and lacking in any compassion to disagree with their wishes. But there is something much deeper going on that Christians need to be aware of if we are to enter intelligently into this discussion.

Vaughan Roberts lays out the problem in his recent book: 

Stories such as these appear regularly in the context of the ongoing discussions about whether assisted suicide should be made legal. They illustrate the complexity of the subject and the potential dangers associated with the relaxation of the law. But, above all, they remind us that behind the moral and legal debates are real people facing extremely difficult circumstances…

As I was preparing to write this book, my own father was told that he had terminal brain cancer, and he died a few months later. That has meant that I have not only been thinking about some of the issues raised in this book, but have also been very much living them as I have been writing. The whole experience has strengthened my conviction that assisted suicide should be firmly resisted, but it has also given me a more personal insight into the intense pain involved in the circumstances that often trigger the discussion.

End-of-life decisions will never be straightforward. Christians believe in life, because we believe in the God who is the author and giver of life. But we also believe in death as a reality in our fallen world. It is not always right to pour huge amounts of money and effort into keeping someone alive; sometimes it is better for them, and for their friends and family to withdraw treatment and allow them to die naturally. Some who are terminally ill and their loved ones can lose perspective in the emotion and sorrow of the situation—they will clutch at straws, and see hope where there is none. Encouraging them to cling on and receive every possible treatment, is not always advisable.

Christians will always want to engage in discussions on this subject with understanding and compassion, especially when the conversation is with someone who is speaking from personal experience. We can offer to pray, we can show Jesus’ love by giving emotional and practical support. And when appropriate, we can talk about the convictions that undergird our position: 

We must never be heard only to be saying “no”. Our message is a gloriously positive one: the great value of every human life, the dignity of mutual dependence, and the sovereign love of God working in and through suffering, as seen supremely in Christ.

Assisted Dying by Vaughan Roberts will help you think through the issues surrounding these cases and others, and help you engage positively in the debate about Assisted dying.

Categories: Christian Resources

Fake news in The Guardian

Adam Smith Institute - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 14:30

Oh dear, how embarrassing. The Guardian’s George Monbiot appears to have fallen hook, line and sinker for Nancy Maclean’s poorly (dishonestly?) researched book Democracy in Chains.

Democracy in Chains smears Nobel Laureate James Buchanan (amongst others) with deliberate misquotes and pernicious accusations of racism. It asserts that Buchanan sat at the centre of an elaborate academic conspiracy to undermine democracy and replace it with ‘a totalitarian capitalism’.

Of course, this isn’t the first time Monbiot’s been taken in by a BS Vendor who happens to share his political biases – he frequently cites Naomi Klein’s sloppy Shock Doctrine which proposed a similar right-wing academic conspiracy with Milton Friedman at the centre (thoroughly debunked by Johan Norberg at Cato).

Unlike Maclean herself, it’s not clear if Monbiot actually understands what public choice theory (the field where Buchanan made his name) is.

He writes:

James Buchanan brought these influences together to create what he called public choice theory. He argued that a society could not be considered free unless every citizen has the right to veto its decisions. What he meant by this was that no one should be taxed against their will. But the rich were being exploited by people who use their votes to demand money that others have earned, through involuntary taxes to support public spending and welfare. Allowing workers to form trade unions and imposing graduated income taxes were forms of “differential or discriminatory legislation” against the owners of capital.

Not quite.

Public choice theory isn't a set of political conclusions, it's a method of study pioneered by centre-left academics Kenneth Arrow and Anthony Downs who applied the tools of economics (e.g. rational choice theory) to the problem of political science. Buchanan describes it as “politics without the romance”. Essentially, it is a theory that predicts politics will be closer to Yes Minister than The West Wing. Indeed, Anthony Jay created Yes Minister to popularise the ideas of public choice theory.

Supporters of free and open markets tend to be drawn to Buchanan’s work in particular as it helps to answer questions like:

· Why do industrial strategies always end up subsidising losers rather than backing winners?

· Why are there three times as many bureaucrats at the Department of Agriculture than there are farms in the USA?

· Why do NIMBYs have so much power?

There are legitimate criticisms of Buchanan’s approach to public choice theory. It isn’t (or at least shouldn’t be) a theory of everything. As Ben Southwood points out, voters don’t vote solely out of self interest, they vote for the policies that they think will be best for society as a whole.

But Nancy Maclean doesn’t make those criticisms. She resorts to sloppy misquotes to paint James Buchanan as a supporter of racial segregation. An accusation repeated by Monbiot here:

He explained how attempts to desegregate schooling in the American south could be frustrated by setting up a network of state-sponsored private schools.

An explosive claim, but untrue. David Bernstein in the Washington Post writes

Meanwhile, in Chapter 3, MacLean claims that contemporary libertarians “eschewing overt racial appeals, but not at all concerned with the impact on black citizens, framed the South’s fight as resistance to federal coercion in a noble quest to preserve states’ right and economic liberty. Nothing energized this backwater movement like Brown.” MacLean identifies only two such libertarians, Frank Chodorov and Robert LeFevre. I can’t check her citation to LeFevre, because it’s from private correspondence that I don’t have access to. But her citation to Chodorov fails to support her assertion.

The article she cites by Chodorov can be found here. In it, Chodorov praises Brown: “The ultimate validation of the Court decision, which undoubtedly ranks among the most important in American history, lies in the fact that it is in line with what is deepest and strongest and most generous in our historical tradition.” Chodorov goes on to point out that merely prohibiting segregated schools won’t lead to integration because of residential segregation, and concludes that hostility to integration may lead some southern states to open up publicly-funded education to competitive private schools, which would mean “what began as an attempt to evade an unavoidable change in an obsolete system of racial segregation might turn into an interesting educational experiment.

This wasn’t Maclean’s only ‘mistake’. David Henderson at EconLib highlighted a particularly egregious misquote.

Maclean writes

'People who failed to foresee and save money for their future needs', Buchanan wrote in 2005, ‘are to be treated as subordinate members of the species, akin to . . . animals who are dependent.’

Contrast that with what Buchanan actually wrote

The classical liberal is necessarily vulnerable to the charge that he lacks compassion in behavior toward fellow human beings - a quality that may describe the conservative position, along with others that involve paternalism on any grounds. George W. Bush's "compassionate conservatism" can be articulated and defended as a meaningful normative stance. The comparable term "compassionate classical liberalism" would approach oxymoronic classification. There is no halfway house here; other persons are to be treated as natural equals, deserving of equal respect and individually responsible for their actions, or they are to be treated as subordinate members of the species, akin to that accorded animals who are dependent.

Maclean doesn’t just get this quotation wrong—she edits it so that it says exactly the opposite of what Buchanan actually wrote.

This isn’t an aberration. It’s not a sloppy mistake in an otherwise well-researched book. This is Maclean’s modus operandi.

Russ Roberts highlights a passage from Maclean smearing the economist Tyler Cowen.

The weakening of the checks and balances” in the American system, Cowen suggested, would increase the chance of a very good outcome.” Alas, given the pervasive reverence for the US Constitution, a direct bid to manipulate the system could prove ‘disastrous’.

Maclean describes Cowen as “creating…a handbook for how to conduct a fifth-column assault on democracy.” A claim that will seem absurd to anyone familar with Cowen's work.

Compare that to Cowen’s original passage

While the weakening of checks and balances would increase the chance of a very good outcome, it would also increase the chance of a very bad outcome. Furthermore, the widely perceived legitimacy of the US Constitution suggests that such a change would involve disastrous transition costs.

As Roberts writes

MacLean left out the word “While” that begins Cowen’s sentence. Then she left off the key qualifier that completes the sentence — the point that the downside risk of weakening checks and balances is substantial. There is nothing here suggesting Cowen is in favor of weakening democracy or the Constitution. By quoting only a piece of Cowen’s sentence, MacLean reverses his meaning.

It would be easy to list a dozen more errors but Michael Munger, Christopher Fleming, Phil Magness and Greg Wiener have already done it for me.

Regrettably, The Guardian’s George Monbiot has been taken in by Maclean’s selective quoting and sloppy research.

I am sure it was not Monbiot’s intention to mislead his readership and I expect he will retract his article, clarify his mistake and apologise to the scholars who have been a victim of Maclean’s academic malpractice.

Categories: Current Affairs

Imunify360 2.3-32 released

CloudLinux - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 14:02

We are pleased to announce that the new Imunify360 2.3-32 production version is now available. The latest version embodies further improvements of the product as well as the new features. Imunify360 also has become more reliable and stable due to the bug fixes described below.

Should you encounter any problems with the product or have any questions, comments or suggestions, please contact our support team at cloudlinux.zendesk.com: Imunify360 department. We’d be more than happy to help you.

Imunify360 2.3-32

Changelog:

  • renamed "Move files to quarantine" option and changed description;
  • DEF-2178: backport - extended info for quarantined files (UI);
  • DEF-2406: fixed incorrect domains count in infected-domains.

To install new Imunify360 production version 2.3-32 please follow the instructions in the documentation.

To upgrade Imunify360 run:

yum clean all yum update imunify360-firewall

More information on Imunify360 can be found here.

Categories: Technology

HardenedPHP updated

CloudLinux - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 13:43

The new updated HardenedPHP packages are available for download from our production repository.

Changelog:

alt-php71-7.1.7-2

alt-php70-7.0.21-2

alt-php56-5.6.31-2

  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-php55-5.5.38-19

  • CVE-2017-11143: wddx parsing empty boolean tag leads to SIGSEGV;
  • CVE-2017-11144: negative-size-param (-1) in memcpy in zif_openssl_seal();
  • CVE-2017-11145: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date();
  • CVE-2017-11146: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date() (caused by CVE-2017-11145);
  • CVE-2017-7890: Buffer over-read into uninitialized memory;
  • CVE-2017-9224: Buffer Overflow in match_at() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9226: Heap corruption in next_state_val() in 15 encodings (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9227: Bug in mbc_enc_len() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9228: Heap corruption in next_state_val() due to uninitialized local variable (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9229: SIGSEGV in left_adjust_char_head() due to bad dereference (Oniguruma issue);
  • bug74087: Segmentation fault in PHP7.1.1(compiled using the bundled PCRE library);
  • bug74603: PHP INI Parsing Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability;
  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-php54-5.4.45-37

  • CVE-2017-11143: wddx parsing empty boolean tag leads to SIGSEGV;
  • CVE-2017-11144: negative-size-param (-1) in memcpy in zif_openssl_seal();
  • CVE-2017-11145: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date();
  • CVE-2017-11146: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date() (caused by CVE-2017-11145);
  • CVE-2017-7890: Buffer over-read into uninitialized memory;
  • CVE-2017-9224: Buffer Overflow in match_at() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9226: Heap corruption in next_state_val() in 15 encodings (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9227: Bug in mbc_enc_len() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9228: Heap corruption in next_state_val() due to uninitialized local variable (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9229: SIGSEGV in left_adjust_char_head() due to bad dereference (Oniguruma issue);
  • bug70436: Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize();
  • bug74087: Segmentation fault in PHP7.1.1(compiled using the bundled PCRE library);
  • bug74603: PHP INI Parsing Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability;
  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-php53-5.3.29-53

  • CVE-2017-11143: wddx parsing empty boolean tag leads to SIGSEGV;
  • CVE-2017-11144: negative-size-param (-1) in memcpy in zif_openssl_seal();
  • CVE-2017-11145: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date();
  • CVE-2017-11146: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date() (caused by CVE-2017-11145);
  • CVE-2017-7890: Buffer over-read into uninitialized memory;
  • CVE-2017-9224: Buffer Overflow in match_at() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9226: Heap corruption in next_state_val() in 15 encodings (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9227: Bug in mbc_enc_len() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9228: Heap corruption in next_state_val() due to uninitialized local variable (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9229: SIGSEGV in left_adjust_char_head() due to bad dereference (Oniguruma issue);
  • bug70436: Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize();
  • bug74603: PHP INI Parsing Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability;
  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-php52-5.2.17-103

  • CVE-2017-11143: wddx parsing empty boolean tag leads to SIGSEGV;
  • CVE-2017-11144: negative-size-param (-1) in memcpy in zif_openssl_seal();
  • CVE-2017-11145: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date();
  • CVE-2017-11146: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date() (caused by CVE-2017-11145);
  • CVE-2017-7890: Buffer over-read into uninitialized memory;
  • CVE-2017-9224: Buffer Overflow in match_at() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9226: Heap corruption in next_state_val() in 15 encodings (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9227: Bug in mbc_enc_len() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9228: Heap corruption in next_state_val() due to uninitialized local variable (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9229: SIGSEGV in left_adjust_char_head() due to bad dereference (Oniguruma issue);
  • bug70436: Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize();
  • bug74603: PHP INI Parsing Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability;
  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-php51-5.1.6-77

  • CVE-2017-11143: wddx parsing empty boolean tag leads to SIGSEGV;
  • CVE-2017-11144: negative-size-param (-1) in memcpy in zif_openssl_seal();
  • CVE-2017-11145: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date();
  • CVE-2017-11146: wddx_deserialize() heap out-of-bound read via php_parse_date() (caused by CVE-2017-11145);
  • CVE-2017-7890: Buffer over-read into uninitialized memory;
  • CVE-2017-9224: Buffer Overflow in match_at() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9226: Heap corruption in next_state_val() in 15 encodings (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9227: Bug in mbc_enc_len() (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9228: Heap corruption in next_state_val() due to uninitialized local variable (Oniguruma issue);
  • CVE-2017-9229: SIGSEGV in left_adjust_char_head() due to bad dereference (Oniguruma issue);
  • bug70436: Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize();
  • bug74603: PHP INI Parsing Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability;
  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-php44-4.4.9-67

  • CVE-2017-11143: wddx parsing empty boolean tag leads to SIGSEGV;
  • CVE-2017-11144: negative-size-param (-1) in memcpy in zif_openssl_seal();
  • CVE-2017-7890: Buffer over-read into uninitialized memory;
  • bug70436: Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize();
  • bug74603: PHP INI Parsing Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability;
  • ALTPHP-351: made lsphp error messages more informative;
  • ALTPHP-354: SIGCHILD handler fix after CRIU restoring.

alt-pcre-8.40-1

  • updated to 8.40.

To install run:

yum groupinstall alt-php
Categories: Technology

PHP 7.2.0 Beta 1 Released

PHP - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 13:00
Categories: Technology

Beta: mod_lsapi updated

CloudLinux - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 10:54

The new updated mod_lsapi packages for CloudLinux 6 and 7 as well as for Apache 2.4 (CloudLinux 6) and EasyApache 4 (CloudLinux 6 and 7) are available from our updates-testing repository.

mod_lsapi 1.1-15

ea-apache24-mod_lsapi 1.1-15

httpd24-mod_lsapi 1.1-15

Changelog:

  • MODLS-436: added force option to switch_mod_lsapi --setup;
  • MODLS-429: switch_mod_lsapi --build-native-lsphp is not executed randomly after upcp on EA3;
  • MODLS-433: new mechanism lsapi and web-interface of cPanel. Proposed by cPanel team.

Added --force option  (never prompt) for /usr/bin/switch_mod_lsapi --setup utility (for EasyApache 4 only).

Example:

# /usr/bin/switch_mod_lsapi --force --setup

During the setup, the utility can ask to resolve different situations, depending on how the mod_lsapi was configured before, follow the link for details https://docs.cloudlinux.com/mod_lsapi_installation.html.

Please be careful with --force option, we don't recommend to use it without need. Always check your configuration after force setup mod_lsapi.

To update:

cPanel & RPM Based

$ yum update liblsapi liblsapi-devel --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing $ yum update mod_lsapi --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing $ service httpd restart

DirectAdmin

$ yum update liblsapi liblsapi-devel --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing $ cd /usr/local/directadmin/custombuild $ ./build set cloudlinux_beta yes $ ./build update $ ./build mod_lsapi

To install, follow the instructions on the link:

http://docs.cloudlinux.com/index.html?installation_mod_lsapi.html

For EasyApache 4

To update:

$ yum update liblsapi liblsapi-devel ea-apache24-mod_lsapi --enablerepo=cl-ea4-testing --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing $ service httpd restart 

If you are using ea-apache24-mod_lsapi-1.1-9 or lower, after update, all of your domains that used mod_lsapi will be switched to suphp as default php handler used from MultiPHP Manager. To turn on mod_lsapi back, go to MultiPHP Manager and chose lsapi handler.

To install:

$ yum-config-manager --enable cl-ea4-testing $ yum update liblsapi liblsapi-devel --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing

read http://docs.cloudlinux.com/index.html?cpanel_easyapache_4.html

$ yum-config-manager --disable cl-ea4-testing

Go to MultiPHP Manager and enable mod_lsapi on your domains through lsapi handler

To remove mod_lsapi:

Before deleting mod_lsapi, make sure to change the lsapi handler to any other from MultiPHP Manager.

http24 for CloudLinux 6

For installation/update run:

$ yum update liblsapi liblsapi-devel --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing $ yum install httpd24-mod_lsapi --enablerepo=cloudlinux-updates-testing
Categories: Technology

Psalm 7 jottings

Sussex Parson - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 09:19
It looks like I may have neglected to post these notes when I made them so just in case they are of any interest:


Psalm 7 notes


Summary:


A prayer of trust in Yahweh for vindication, for justice and for deliverance from enemies.


Uses:


When persecuted or opposed unjustly
To focus on God’s character in difficult circumstances
Praising God’s righteousness and judgement
Giving thanks for deliverance or in the confidence of future deliverance


Prayer:


Lord, you search me and you know me.
I confess that I am a sinner, entirely dependent on your grace.
Make me a person of righteousness and integrity, I pray.
May I be faithful and consistent, as you are, keeping my word, honouring my friends and partners, always dealing fairly with others and fulfilling my responsibilities.


May I never give others cause to hate me or to hate you.


Lord, I pray for justice for myself and for the world.
Vindicate me, and all who are wronged.
Deliver your faithful people who are persecuted without cause.


I look to you as my refuge and shield, my only confidence in this world and in the next.
Arise and fight for your people, I pray.
Yours, Lord, is the battle and the victory.
May your kingdom come and your will be done.
May your just rule be seen upon the earth.


Thank you, Lord, for your righteousness, that I can have complete confidence that the judge of all the world will do right.
Thank you for the Lord Jesus Christ: the only perfectly innocent one who suffered unjustly for me and whom you delivered from death and hell, triumphing over all his enemies.
Thank you for the vindication of his resurrection and ascension and that all evil will be undone.  
All praise to your high and holy name.
Amen.


Outlines / structure:


Expositor’s Bible:


The righteous God loves the righteous


(1)  A - Prayer for refuge (vv1-2)
(2) B - Oath of innocence (vv3-5)
(3) C - God’s righteous judgement (vv6-13)
(4) B’ - Judgement of the guilty (vv14-16)
(5) A’ - Praise of God’s righteousness (v17)


Goldingay, Baker Commentary


On trial, in battle, hunted


Wilcock, BST:


(1) Concerning Cush: a lion (vv1-5)
(2) Concerning God: a courtroom (vv6-9)
(3) Concerning God: an armoury (vv10-13)
(4) Concerning Cush: a pregnancy and a pit (vv14-17)


Kidner, Tyndale:


A cry for justice


Vv1-2, The hunted man
Vv3-5, The oath of innocence
Vv6-11, The righteous judge
Vv12-16, “Sin, when it is finished…”
V17, Thankful praise


Dale Ralph Davis, The Way of the Righteous in the Muck of Life


Just Justice


Take care with your prayer (vv1-5)
Find hope in God’s anger (vv6-11)
Watch Judgement take place (vv12-16)
Remember praise is due (v17)


Notes:


Title:


Goldingay calls a siggayon a lament on the basis of the Akkadian sigu


Shiggaion – Wilcock guesses it could be related to the verb to wander and therefore wild, rhapsodic music


David


Sang to the LORD


Davis has “on account of the words of Cush”


Cush – Sudan (Goldingay) – the area south of Egypt not Ethiopia
2 Sam 18:20-32 the Sudanese – Shimei and or Sheba both styled Benjaminites (Goldingay) – see Goldingay p144 for verbal links between this story and the Psalm
Cf. 1 Sam 24
Concerning Cush, a Benjamite – not mentioned elsewhere in the Bible
When David was pursued by Saul the Benjaminite?
Or during Absalom’s rebellion the latent hostilities of the Benjaminites resurged – 2 Sam 16:5-14; 20:1-22


How is God pictured and described in this Psalm?


Movement from lament to thanksgiving


A broadening out to God’s eschatological rule over the nations? – then God’s people will no longer be troubled


2 Thess 1:5-10 – the coming judgement


Themes / genres: individual lament (vv1-2), oath (vv3-5), kingship psalm (vv6-12), thanksgiving hymn (v17)


Justice and salvation go together here


From intensely personal to global (v7-8)


Cf. Naboth
Num 5:11-28; Dt 8:7-20; 1 Kings 8:31-32


Vivid pictures of David’s opponents: a lion, a pregnant man (!), and a digger of holes
Of God: judge and warrior (Wilcock, p35)


Wilcock: 4 chiastic stanzas: Cush / God / God / Cush (p35)


David lays out before the Lord his position (v1a), his danger (vv1b-2) and his conscience (vv3-5) (Davis, p86)


V1 – Yahweh, My God (repeated in v3) – an initial note of confidence


V1 – I take refuge in you – loyalty, trust


Cf. other supposed refuges… “Other refuge have I none” (Charles Wesley, Jesus Lover of My Soul)


Kidner says the tense shows that “while David’s preservation and deliverance were still matters for prayer (v1b), his unseen refuge was already a fact”


Vv1 & 2 – repetition of save


V2 – lion imagery


V2 – God his only hope – an argument for God to act


Vv3-4 – If, ‘im, 3x in MT


V3 – “this” – whatever his enemy is accusing him of


Dt 25:16


V3 – awel – guilt (NIV) is meanness, deception, hostility, unfaithfulness


Cf. Is 1:15; 59:3, 6


Vv3-5 – an appeal to God’s justice – of course the Psalmist cannot claim sinless perfection but he knows himself to be in the right with respect to his enemies. They are baddies and he is a goody. Their opposition is undeserved.
Cf. Job’s claim to righteousness – 1 Cor 4
Is the Psalmist at all confused about this / really questioning it or is this rhetorical?


He who is at peace with me equivalent to a close friend Ps 41:9; Jer 38:22 – cf. Judas?! – an ally?


2 Kings 7:17


Perhaps david feels slandered, misunderstood, falsely accused of bribes, treachery etc. – cf. Absalom’s smear campaign – 2 Sam 15:1-6


Cf. God’s knowledge and an illustration from the art of spying – CIA photos from 1973 in which one can make out the time on the soldiers watches (Davis, p86f)


V4 – David’s supposed betrayal of Saul?


Vv4-5 suggest a war context


V4 – solem - friend, strictly, ally – someone in a committed salom relationship


Ex 23:4f; lev 19:17f; 1 Sam 24:10f; Prov 25:21


V4b – Goldingay, “but released my watchful foe without cause” – says halas never elsewhere means to plunder – a former ally who has become a foe?


Unprincipled leniency to foes? – cf. Saul to Agag 1 Sam 15


V5 – kebodi, kabod, my glory – personal worth? – can sometimes refer to the liver or inner being, heart – cf. 4:2 / honour – 3:3


Cf. Job 31


V5 – evil as an army


V5 – Selah – Goldingay translates this “(Rise)” – Willock: an interlude for music or meditation? – a pause to read related Scriptures? (Goulder)


Vv6-11 – Kidner: breadth of vision here; concern for universal justice


V6 – God’s anger


V6 – An appeal to God’s anger against the anger of the enemies – God’s anger is the Psalmist’s hope; the attackers’ anger is the Psalmist’s threat (Goldingay)


Cf. Heb 4:13 – God as all-knowing judge – There’s no fooling him!


Cf. 5:5; 6:1


V6 – appeal to God to arise and awake – God does not sleep of course, but it can seem like he does!


V6 – God, you must have ordered a decision


God is more powerful than any enemies and he cares


Cf. Acts 17:31


V6 – repetition: arise, rise up, awake


Cf. Num 10:35-36 and Ps 3:7


V7 – MT suba, return, not seba, rule – return on high, LORD


Return to your judgement seat throne / sit as judge


Vv7-8 – an appeal to God to exercise his rule and judge, to God’s righteousness and integrity / character


A prayer for vindication, declare me in the right – judge my case and find for me, Lord


Cf. 2:8-9


V9 the hinge of the Psalm – movement from prayer to expressions of confidence and praise


V9 – The righteous God searches minds and hearts – both David and his enemies are open books to the LORD


God not grandfatherly and mildly indulgent! (Wilcock)


A court with teeth! (Wilcock)


Vv9-11: 6 descriptive phrases of God: righteous God, tester (one who searches my heart, v9), my shield, saviour, righteous judge, God who expresses his wrath


The ungodly will experience God’s sword; the repentant will benefit from his shield. It is precisely by dealing with the wicked that God delivers the innocent. We ought to be grateful for the fierceness of the Biblical God because it guarantees that eventually all will be as it ought to be (Wilcock, p37)


Chiasm:
A Tester
B Righteous
C Shield
C’ Saviour
B’ Righteous judge
A’ Indignant
(Expositor’s Bible Commentary, p132)


The confidence of a believer before God


Heb 10:19-23; 2 Tim 8:8


V9 – mind and heart, lit. hearts and kidneys, inmost being, the deepest part of a person, innards, Ps 26:5; Jer 11:20; 17:10; 20:12 – God knows the heart Jer 17:9


V10 – God as shield – cf. 3:3; 18:35 – Heb. Lit, my shield is on God


The Lord as righteous judge with the nations gathered around him a familiar image in the kingship of Yahweh Pss 95-99


V12 – God’s delay has given an opportunity for repentance


V12 – God as warrior – cf. Ps 98 – he will fight his peoples’ battles on their behalf


V12 – darak, maybe lit. he treads his bow, pulling the string with his foot


V13 - God’s lightnings like flaming arrows – Ps 18:14


Judgement inescapable and deadly. David’s predicament will be reversed.


Vv14-16 cf. Prov 26:27; 28:10


V14 – pregnancy and birth metaphor


Wickedness may be allowed a gestation period


V14 – The first verb in the verse, habal, elsewhere describes the pain and anxiety of actually giving birth. There are several roots: a common one denotes “act corruptly” or “destroy” (Goldingay).


Cf. begetting and digging – Is 51:1-2 – pregnancy and digging (hara and kara) sound like one another


Evil is fertile but futile (after Kidner)


V14 – NIV disillusionment = saqer, lie, falsehood


Cf. James 1:14f


V15 – word play in the Hebrew – wayyippol, falls, yipal, made


Falls back, yasub, the same as turns (v12)


The lion of v2 falls into the pit of v15


V15-16 – they provoke their own downfall – their plots rebound on themselves – they fall into the pit they have dug – no doubt they think themselves so very clever and well prepared – perhaps they gloat over how they will ruin their enemies, not knowing that a great downfall awaits them


Sin comes home to roost


Wrongdoing is a boomerang – Prov 26:27; Mt 26:52


God stands behind all things – no such thing as merely natural consequences but the way God has established and governs the universe


Davis p90 – an Eskimo technique of getting a wolf to lick itself to death on a knife covered in frozen blood


Cf. the cross – the innocent unjustly suffering one delivered, the evil of his persecutors will rebound on them


V16 – the abcc’b’a’ structure of the verse mirrors the reversal it describes (Goldingay)


V17 – Application: resolve to thank and praise God


Mk 7:37


V17 – the exact expression Yahweh Most High only elsewhere in 47:2


V17 – The name of the LORD most high – note in Expositor’s Bible Commentary on the Name of Yahweh (p135) – The Creator-Redeemer-King God who has revealed himself, the God of the covenant – reliable, promise-keeping, God’s people who call on him can expect his blessing and protection – God’s name recalls his perfections and mighty acts and will be praised – list of other Psalms which use The name of the Yahweh on p136


Name / character


Hope in God’s faithfulness and power


Trial / war / hunt imagery often used together (Goldingay, p152)


Isaac Watts: O bless the Lord, my soul, nor let his mercies lie / forgotten in unthankfullness, and without praises die.


Troubles à prayer àdeliverance à praise


Whether in trouble or in thankfulness, pray!Marc Lloyd
Categories: Friends

The Goldilocks Zone: Collected writings of Michael J. Ovey

Ministry Nuts and Bolts - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 08:12
This collection of essays and articles shows why Mike Ovey's contribution to evangelical Christianity was so widely appreciated in the UK and around the world.
Categories: Friends

Mrs Clegg tells us about Brexit - and gets it entirely wrong

Adam Smith Institute - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 07:01

One of the mystifications of the Brexit process is how many very clever people can end up believing things which are just simply not so. For example, Mrs. Clegg takes to The Guardian to tell us about negotiations over trade following our blessed exit:

It is easy to see why this government would be mesmerised by Legatum. It is keen on unilaterally removing tariffs and quotas on agriculture products (farmers, take note) in exchange for services agreements all over the world.

A lawyer should know the meaning of the word unilaterally. It means without being in exchange for something. We've no particular relationship with Legatum ourselves, although we obviously know them. And we too think that unilateral free trade is the way to go. As we did in 1846 with the Corn Laws. For imports are the purpose of trade, they're the very things that we conduct trade in order to gain access to. Taxing ourselves for the temerity to like Argentinian beef is simply ludicrous from the word go. Thus we shouldn't do it.

But it is worse than that:

The effect of this on food security and food prices was highlighted this week in a report published by the University of Sussex.

That's the report by Tim Lang et al which insists (no, not just assumes, insists) that we will have to impose "WTO tariffs" on food imports as we leave. This is to miss that there are no such things as WTO tariffs. What there are are maximum tariff levels that a WTO member may impose upon imports from another WTO member. Further, every WTO member is entirely at liberty to charge themselves anything they like less than these maximums. We did actually check this at source, Britain can indeed decide not to tax itself for access to French cheese. 

Lang's report insists that reversion to WTO terms means we must impose import tariffs, Lang is wrong. Given that it is this error which leads to his prediction of higher food prices Ms. Gonzalez Durantes is also wrong. Not that this is unusual in her circles as Mr. Clegg also suffers under the same delusion.

Brexit will not increase food prices, it will reduce them as we will be able to buy the best and cheapest food from the world, not have to cower behind the EU's protective barriers to trade.

What worries here of course is that these people, both Cleggs, Tim Lang and pals, various others, they insist that they are the Great and the Good who really know this stuff and we should just shut up and do as they say. The problem being that they're simply wrong, they believe things which ain't so.

 I have negotiated myself for the EU on many occasions on trade,

No wonder that EU trade system is such a crock, eh? 

Categories: Current Affairs

Conservatism's Putin Dilemma

Peter Leithart - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 05:00

Writing in The American Conservative , Paul Gottfried pinpoints the conservative quandary regarding Putin.

Continue Reading »

Categories: People I don't know

Structure of Philippians

Peter Leithart - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 05:00

What follows is a rough structural analysis of Philippians. Rough, but perhaps it illuminates:

Continue Reading »

Categories: People I don't know

Jeff Sessions's Pot War Is Up in Smoke in Nevada

Mises Institute - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 04:00
By: Doug French
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Thousands lined up to purchase recreational marijuana legally at 12:01 a.m. on July 1. At Euphoria Wellness, with a location in southwest Las Vegas, a crowd of 400 to 500 people were lined up at midnight. Other locations had just as many.

Among the first to purchase was state senator Tick Segerblom, who has a strain of weed named after him: “Segerblom Haze.” The senator tweeted that he believed the state would rake in a million dollars in tax money this first weekend. Judging from the lines out the doors at dispensaries in just my neighborhood, I don’t doubt his projection.

Even with it being a scorching 107 degrees this afternoon, Las Vegans were waiting patiently in the sun to go up in smoke.

The Las Vegas Sun reports, “Destiny Diaz stood in line for nearly three hours at the Jardin Premium Cannabis dispensary in central Las Vegas to celebrate what some were calling the end of marijuana prohibition in Nevada.” 

“A local resident for 35 years, [Steve] Evans, 54, said he arrived just before 7:30 p.m. and that the nearly five-hour wait Friday night was the longest he had been away from his home in over eight years.

“‘I want an ounce of Gorilla Glue 4, and then I’m going home to sink into the sofa and be with my wife,’ Evans said, referring to one of the dispensary’s best-selling marijuana flower strains. ‘Pretty simple.’”

It turns out the reality of supply, demand and the tax man bites for medical users. “Paul Pastwa, a medical marijuana cardholder who said he shops at Jardin twice a week, complained that a half-ounce of marijuana flower climbed from $60 to over $100 for medical buyers since he last shopped at the dispensary,” writes Chris Kudailis. “We understood that recreational buyers would have to pay more, but not medical,” Pastwa said. “My price has doubled overnight.” 

Adam Denmark Cohen, Jardin's owner, “said he was forced to raise prices because of a state-mandated increase in marijuana wholesale distribution taxes for shipment of items from cultivation and production facilities to dispensaries.”

The Sun reports that Essence Cannabis Dispensary saw 1,200 customers at its two locations early this morning. Local laws allowed dispensaries to be open from midnight to 3 a.m., but then had to close until 6 a.m. As an aside, Sun newspaper CEO Brian Greenspan owns a portion of Essence. Marijuana licenses went to the politically connected, not necessarily to those with expertise in the business.

All this reefer madness is happening after Attorney General Jeff Sessions sent a letter to Mitch McConnell, Paul Ryan, Nancy Pelosi, and Chuck Schumer voicing the Department of Justice’s opposition to anything that would “inhibit the DOJ’s authority to enforce the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).”

 

The attorney general claims marijuana use has “significant negative health effects,” including the loss of IQ points, which is funny coming from a guy, who claims “marijuana has a high potential for abuse [and] no currently accepted medical treatment in use in the United States.” He evidently hasn’t read this article from the Business Insider listing 23 health benefits of marijuana.

But, Sessions contends, “Good people don’t smoke marijuana.”

As Mark Thornton wrote for mises.org, “Attorney General Sessions’s argument really does not make any sense. Legalized marijuana greatly reduces the size of the illegal drug market and the violence it causes, both by eliminating the illegal marijuana market and by encouraging producers and consumers to switch from hard drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and crystal meth to marijuana/cannabis which is non-addictive and non-lethal.”

The out of touch Sessions told a crowd in Arizona, “When they nominated me for attorney general, you would have thought the biggest issue in America was when I said, ‘I don’t think America’s going to be a better place if they sell marijuana at every corner grocery store.’ ” 

“[People] didn’t like that; I’m surprised they didn’t like that,” he added.

When in 1986 the Senate Judiciary Committee rejected the nomination of Sessions to be a Federal district judge in Alabama, Mr. Sessions apologized for once saying he had thought members of the Klu Klux Klan “were O.K. until I found out they smoked pot.”

AG Sessions, the war is over. The government lost, and has decided to take the money. 



Categories: Current Affairs

Here's the True Definition of a Recession — It's Not About GDP

Mises Institute - Thu, 20/07/2017 - 03:00
By: Frank Shostak
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According to the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), the institution that dates the peaks and troughs of the business cycles,

A recession is a significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. A recession begins just after the economy reaches a peak of activity and ends as the economy reaches its trough.1

In the view of the NBER dating committee, because a recession influences the economy broadly and is not confined to one sector, it makes sense to pay attention to a single best measure of aggregate economic activity, which is real GDP. The NBER dating committee views real GDP as the single best measure of aggregate economic activity.

We suspect that on the back of the NBER's much more general definition, the financial press as a shortcut introduced the popular definition of a recession as two consecutive quarters of a decline in real GDP. Also, by following the two-quarters-decline-in-real-GDP rule, economists don't need to wait for the final verdict of the NBER, which often can take many months after the recession has occurred.

Regardless of whether one adopts the broader definition of the NBER or the abbreviated version, these definitions are actually failing to do the job.

After all, the purpose of a definition is to establish the essence of the object of the investigation. Both the NBER and the popular definition do not provide an explanation of what a recession is all about. Instead they describe the various manifestations of a recession.

The Problem with Measuring GDP

Another grave problem with both the abbreviated and the NBER definitions is that recession is defined in terms of real gross domestic product (GDP), which supposedly mirrors the total of final real goods and services produced.

To calculate a total, several things must be added together. To add things together, they must have some unit in common. However, it is not possible to add refrigerators to cars and shirts to obtain the total of final goods. Since total real output cannot be defined in a meaningful way, obviously it cannot be quantified. To overcome this problem economists employ total monetary expenditure on goods, which they divide by an average price of those goods. But is the calculation of an average price possible?

Suppose two transactions are conducted. In the first transaction, one TV set is exchanged for $1,000. In the second transaction, one shirt is exchanged for $40. The price or the rate of exchange in the first transaction is $1000/1TV set. The price in the second transaction is $40/1shirt. In order to calculate the average price, we must add these two ratios and divide them by 2. However, $1000/1TV set cannot be added to $40/1shirt, implying that it is not possible to establish an average price.

On this Rothbard wrote,

Thus, any concept of average price level involves adding or multiplying quantities of completely different units of goods, such as butter, hats, sugar, etc., and is therefore meaningless and illegitimate.2

Since GDP is expressed in dollar terms, which are deflated by a dubious price deflator, it is obvious that its fluctuations will be driven by the fluctuations in the amount of dollars pumped into the economy. Hence various statements by government statisticians regarding the rate of growth of the real economy are nothing more than a reflection of the fluctuations in the rate of growth of the money supply.

Now, once a recession is assessed in terms of real GDP it is not surprising that the central bank appears to be able to counter the recessionary effects that emerge. For instance, by pushing more money into the economy the central bank's actions would appear to be effective since real GDP will show a positive response to this pumping after a short time lag. (Remember that changes in real GDP reflect changes in money supply). Observe that once the economy is expressed through GDP the central bank would appear to be able to navigate the economy (i.e., GDP) by means of a suitable policy mix.

Even if one were to accept that real GDP is not a fiction and depicts the so-called real economy there is still a problem as to why recessions are of a recurrent nature. Is it possible that various shocks cause this repetitive occurrence of recessions? Surely there must be a mechanism here that gives rise to this repetitive occurrence?

The Cause of Boom-Bust Cycles

In a free, unhampered market, we could envisage that the economy would be subject to various shocks but it is difficult to envisage a phenomenon of recurrent boom-bust cycles.

According to Rothbard,

Before the Industrial Revolution in approximately the late 18th century, there were no regularly recurring booms and depressions. There would be a sudden economic crisis whenever some king made war or confiscated the property of his subjects; but there was no sign of the peculiarly modern phenomena of general and fairly regular swings in business fortunes, of expansions and contractions.3

In short, the boom-bust cycle phenomenon is somehow linked to the modern world. But what is the link? Careful examination would reveal that the link is in fact the modern banking system, which is coordinated by the central bank.

The source of recessions turns out to be the alleged "protector" of the economy — the central bank itself.

Further investigation would show that the phenomenon of recessions is not about the weakness of the economy as such, but about the liquidation of various activities that sprang up on the back of the loose monetary policies of the central bank. Here is why.

A loose central bank monetary policy sets in motion an exchange of nothing for something, which amounts to a diversion of real wealth from wealth-generating activities to non-wealth-generating activities. In the process, this diversion weakens wealth generators, and this in turn weakens their ability to grow the overall pool of real wealth.

The expansion in the activities that came about based on loose monetary policy is what an economic "boom" (or false economic prosperity) is all about. Note that once the central bank's pace of monetary expansion has strengthened, irrespective of how strong and big a particular economy is, the pace of the diversion of real wealth is going to strengthen.

However, once the central bank tightens its monetary stance, this slows down the diversion of real wealth from wealth producers to non-wealth producers. Activities that sprang up on the back of the previous loose monetary policy are now getting less support from the money supply; they fall into trouble — an economic bust, or recession emerges.

Irrespective of how big and strong an economy is, a tighter monetary stance is going to undermine various uneconomic activities that sprang up on the back of the previous loose monetary policy. This means that recessions or economic busts have nothing to do with the so-called strength of an economy, improved productivity, or better inventory management by companies.

For instance, as a result of a loose monetary stance on the part of the Fed various activities emerge to accommodate the demand for goods and services of the first receivers of newly injected money. Now, even if these activities are well managed and maintain very efficient inventory control, this fact cannot be of much help once the central bank reverses its loose monetary stance. Again, these activities are the product of the loose monetary stance of the central bank. Once the stance is reversed, regardless of efficient inventory management, these activities will come under pressure and run the risk of being liquidated.

From what was said we can conclude that recessions are the liquidation of economic activities that came into being solely because of the loose monetary policy of the central bank. This whole recessionary process is set in motion when the central banks reverses its earlier loose stance.

We have established that recessions are about the liquidations of unproductive activities, but why they are recurrent? The reason for this is the central bank's ongoing policies that are aimed at fixing the unintended consequences that arise from its earlier attempts at stabilizing the so-called economy, i.e., real GDP.

On account of the time lags from changes in money to changes in prices and changes in real GDP, the central bank is forced to respond to the effects of its own previous monetary policies. These responses to the effects of past policies give rise to the fluctuations in the rate of growth of the money supply and in turn to recurrent boom-bust cycles.

Conclusions

Contrary to the accepted way of thinking, recessions — properly understood — are not negative growth in GDP for at least two consecutive quarters.

Recessions, which are set in motion by a tight monetary stance of the central bank, are about the liquidations of activities that sprang up on the back of the previous loose monetary policies. Rather than paying attention to the so-called strength of real GDP to ascertain where the economy is heading, it will be more helpful to pay attention to the rate of growth of the money supply.

By following the rate of growth of the money supply, one can ascertain the pace of damage to the real economy that central bank policies inflict. Thus the increase in the growth momentum of money should mean that the pace of wealth destruction is intensifying. Conversely, a fall in the growth momentum of money should mean that the pace of wealth destruction is weakening.

Additionally, once it is realized that so-called real economic growth, as depicted by real GDP, mirrors fluctuations in the money supply rate of growth, it becomes clear that an economic boom has nothing to do with real and sustainable economic expansion. On the contrary such a boom is about real economic destruction, since it undermines the pool of real wealth — the heart of real economic growth.

Hence despite "good GDP" data, many more individuals may find it much harder to make ends meet.



  • 1. The NBER’s Business-Cycle Dating Procedure (NBER, October 21,2003).

  • 2. Murray N.Rothbard, Man Economy and State, Nash Publishing p 734.

  • 3. Rothbard The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle and other essays, The Mises Institute,1983.


Categories: Current Affairs

Aquele Abraço Rio de Janeiro: Cloudflare's 116th Data Center!

CloudFlare - Wed, 19/07/2017 - 18:56

Cloudflare is excited to announce our newest data center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This is our eighth data center in South America, and expands the Cloudflare network to 116 cities across 57 countries. Our newest deployment will improve the performance and security of over six million Internet applications across Brazil, while providing redundancy to our existing São Paulo data center. As additional ISPs peer with us at the local internet exchange (IX.br), we’ll be able to provide even closer coverage to a growing share of Brazil Internet users.

A Cloudflare está muito feliz de anunciar o nosso mais recente data center: Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Este é o nosso oitavo data center na América do Sul, e com ele a rede da Cloudflare se expande por 116 cidades em 57 países. Este lançamento vai acelerar e proteger mais de seis milhões de sites e aplicações web pelo Brasil, também provendo redundância para o nosso data center em São Paulo. Provendo acesso à nossa rede para mais parceiros através do Ponto de Troca de Tráfego (IX-RJ), nós estamos chegando mais perto dos usuários da Internet em todo o Brasil.


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History

Rio de Janeiro plays a great role in the history of Internet in Brazil. In 1988, the National Laboratory of Scientific Computation, headquartered in Rio de Janeiro connected to the University of Maryland via Bitnet, a network to exchange messages. The next year, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro also connected to Bitnet, becoming the third institution (with São Paulo State Foundation for Research Support) to have access to this technology.

O Rio de janeiro tem papel central na história da Internet no Brasil. Em 1988, o Laboratório Nacional de Computação Científica (LNCC), conectou-se à Universidade de Mariland através da Bitnet, que era uma rede que permitia o envio de e-mail entre as instituições acadêmicas. Em 1989, a Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro também se conectou na Bitnet através de outra universidade americana, se tornando a terceira instituição Brasileira a se conectar na Internet (a FAPESP também já estava na rede).

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CC BY-NC 2.0 image by Lau Rey

Today, the city of Rio de Janeiro is very well connected. Internet access can be found all over, and better connectivity can boost entrepreneurship. In some Favelas (slums), the residents are creating their own ISPs, providing Internet access to some users that big ISPs are not able to reach.

Hoje, a cidade do Rio de Janeiro é muito bem conectada. Acesso à internet pode ser encontrado em todo lugar, inclusive incentivando o empreendedorismo. Em algumas favelas os próprios moradores criaram seus provedores de internet via Wi-Fi, e estão proporcionando a inclusão digital em áreas onde os grandes provedores não chegam.

LatAm expansion

We have an additional eight datacenters in progress across Latin America. If managing the many moving parts of building a large global network interest you, come join our team!

Nós temos mais oito datacenters a caminho na América Latina. Se você se interessa em gerenciar uma rede de alcance global, venha fazer parte do nosso time!

-The Cloudflare team

Categories: Technology

Imunify360 2.3-31 released

CloudLinux - Wed, 19/07/2017 - 18:29

We are pleased to announce that the new Imunify360 2.3-31 production version is now available. The latest version embodies further improvements of the product as well as the new features. Imunify360 also has become more reliable and stable due to the bug fixes described below.

Should you encounter any problems with the product or have any questions, comments or suggestions, please contact our support team at cloudlinux.zendesk.com: Imunify360 department. We’d be more than happy to help you.

Imunify360 2.3-31

Changelog:

DEF-1893: fixed trace for "imunify360-agent clean --days" with too large int; DEF-2530: web scans work correctly in Plesk env; DEF-2542: "following configuration is already active" issue fixed; DEF-2540: added /tmp/.vdserver to csf.ignore; DEF-2550: fixed KeyError('method',) in malformed {'msg': 'server suspended: empty server id', 'success': 'false'}.

To install new Imunify360 production version 2.3-31 please follow the instructions in the documentation.

To upgrade Imunify360 run:

yum clean all yum update imunify360-firewall

More information on Imunify360 can be found here.

Categories: Technology

‘Heroes and Heroines of Our Faith’

Anglican Ink - Wed, 19/07/2017 - 17:26

Baroness Cox speaks out against the presecution of Christians around the world

The faith will not be left unguarded in Britain, FCE primus writes

Anglican Ink - Wed, 19/07/2017 - 16:18

Statement from the Bishop Primus of the Free Church of England

Egypt's churches on suicide bomb attack alert

Anglican Ink - Wed, 19/07/2017 - 16:05

Release International warns of terror threats against Egypt's Christians

Anything goes in today's Church of England

Anglican Ink - Wed, 19/07/2017 - 15:46

The Church of England has gone mad today, And good's bad today, And black's white today, And day's night today, observes Jules Gomes

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